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J Cell Biochem. 2015 Apr;116(4):487-93. doi: 10.1002/jcb.25027.

Stem cells for reutilization in bone regeneration.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedics, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea.

Abstract

Bone is one of the most transplanted tissues. While most bone defects heal spontaneously, critical size defects caused by major trauma/malignant tumor and osteonecrosis of femoral head in young adults pose a great challenge in treatment. While the golden standard in treating bone defects is autologous bone grafting, available bone for grafting is quite limited in an individual. To solve the dilemma, stem cell therapy has been tried as a new modality of treatment in lesions not amenable to autologous bone grafting. While successful results were reported from individual studies, the stem cell therapy is still not an established treatment modality for bone regeneration and needs further assessment. Our focus herein is to introduce stem cell sources that have been investigated so far and review the current status of stem cell reutilization for bone regeneration as well as suggesting future perspectives.

KEYWORDS:

BONE DEFECTS; BONE REGENERATION; OSTEONECROSIS OF FEMORAL HEAD; REUTILIZATION; STEM CELLS

PMID:
25491657
DOI:
10.1002/jcb.25027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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