Format

Send to

Choose Destination
BMC Cell Biol. 2014 Dec 10;15:43. doi: 10.1186/s12860-014-0043-3.

Two different pathways of phosphatidylcholine synthesis, the Kennedy Pathway and the Lands Cycle, differentially regulate cellular triacylglycerol storage.

Author information

1
Life and Medical Sciences Institute, University of Bonn, Carl-Troll-Str. 31, 53115, Bonn, Germany. christine.mossinger@ki.se.
2
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Pfotenhauerstrasse 108, D-01307, Dresden, Germany. christine.mossinger@ki.se.
3
Life and Medical Sciences Institute, University of Bonn, Carl-Troll-Str. 31, 53115, Bonn, Germany. s6krkliz@uni-bonn.de.
4
Life and Medical Sciences Institute, University of Bonn, Carl-Troll-Str. 31, 53115, Bonn, Germany. A.Steinhagen@uni-bonn.de.
5
Life and Medical Sciences Institute, University of Bonn, Carl-Troll-Str. 31, 53115, Bonn, Germany. massier@genzentrum.lmu.de.
6
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Pfotenhauerstrasse 108, D-01307, Dresden, Germany. massier@genzentrum.lmu.de.
7
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, Pfotenhauerstrasse 108, D-01307, Dresden, Germany. shevchenko@mpi-cbg.de.
8
Life and Medical Sciences Institute, University of Bonn, Carl-Troll-Str. 31, 53115, Bonn, Germany. m.hoch@uni-bonn.de.
9
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230, Odense, Denmark. cse@bmb.sdu.dk.
10
Life and Medical Sciences Institute, University of Bonn, Carl-Troll-Str. 31, 53115, Bonn, Germany. cthiele@uni-bonn.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Lipids are stored within cells in lipid droplets (LDs). They consist of a core of neutral lipids surrounded by a monolayer of phospholipids, predominantly phosphatidylcholine (PC). LDs are very dynamic and can rapidly change in size upon lipid uptake or release. These dynamics require a fast adaptation of LD surface. We have recently shown that two Lands cycle PC synthesizing enyzmes, LPCAT1 and LPCAT2 can localize to the LD surface.

RESULTS:

Here, we show that knock-down of both enzymes leads to an increase in LD size without changes in the total amount of neutral lipids, while interference with the de-novo Kennedy pathway PC biosynthesis is associated with changes in triacylglyceride synthesis. We show that function of LPCAT1 and 2 is conserved in Drosophila melanogaster by the ortholog CG32699. Furthermore we demonstrate that modulation of the LD pool by LPCAT1 influences the release of lipoprotein from liver cells.

CONCLUSION:

Activity of the Kennedy pathway regulates the balance between phospholipids and neutral lipids, while the Lands cycle regulates lipid droplet size by regulating surface availability and influencing surface to volume ratio. Differences in lipid droplet size may account for differences in lipid dynamics and be relevant to understand lipid overload diseases.

PMID:
25491198
PMCID:
PMC4293825
DOI:
10.1186/s12860-014-0043-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center