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Curr Opin Pediatr. 2015 Feb;27(1):26-33. doi: 10.1097/MOP.0000000000000169.

Neurofibromatosis-related tumors: emerging biology and therapies.

Author information

1
aDepartments of Pediatrics and Otolaryngology, Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, USA bDepartment of Neurology, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, and Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Over the past decade, substantial insight into the biological function of the tumor suppressors neurofibromin (NF1) and Merlin (NF2) has been gained. The purpose of this review is to highlight some of the major advances in our understanding of the biology of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) as they relate to the development of novel therapies for these disorders.

RECENT FINDINGS:

The development of increasingly sophisticated preclinical models over the recent years has provided the platform from which to rationally develop molecular targeted therapies for both NF1 and NF2-related tumors, such as within the Department of Defense-sponsored Neurofibromatosis Clinical Trials Consortium.

SUMMARY:

Clinical trials with molecular-targeted therapies have become a reality for neurofibromatosis patients, and hold substantial promise for improving the morbidity and mortality of individuals affected with these disorders.

PMID:
25490687
PMCID:
PMC4374132
DOI:
10.1097/MOP.0000000000000169
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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