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Cell Cycle. 2014;13(19):3143-9. doi: 10.4161/15384101.2014.949550.

A small molecule FAK kinase inhibitor, GSK2256098, inhibits growth and survival of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells.

Author information

1
a Department of Surgical Oncology ; Roswell Park Cancer Institute ; Elm and Carlton Streets ; Buffalo , NY USA.

Abstract

Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) hyperactivation is common in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). A small molecule, GSK2256098 (GlaxoSmithKline), has been developed to inhibit FAK activity through targeting the phosphorylation site of FAK, tyrosine (Y) 397. We sought to determine whether GSK2256098 inhibition of FAK Y397 phosphorylation attenuates PDAC-associated cell proliferation, motility and survival. Cultured PDAC cells were used as cellular models of GSK2256098-impaired abnormal growth. Western blot analysis, cell viability analysis, clonogenic survival, soft-agar and wound healing assays were performed. The responses of 6 PDAC cell lines in regards to FAK Y397 phosphorylation or activity to GSK2256098 treatments (0.1-10 μM) ranged from low (less than 20% inhibition) to high (more than 90% inhibition). The least and most sensitive cell lines (PANC-1 and L3.6P1) were selected for further analysis. GSK2256098 inhibition of FAK Y397 phosphorylation correlated with decreased levels of phosphorylated Akt and ERK in L3.6P1 cells. GSK2256098 decreased cell viability, anchorage-independent growth, and motility in a dose dependent manner. Current studies demonstrate that small molecule kinase inhibitors targeting FAK Y397 phosphorylation can inhibit PDAC cell growth. Assessments of FAK Y397 phosphorylation in biopsies may be used as a biomarker to select the subgroup of responsive patients and/or monitor the effects of GSK2256098 on FAK-modulated tumor growth during treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Akt; FAK inhibitor; FAK, focal adhesion kinase; GSK2256098, GlaxSmithKline 2256098; IGF1R, insulin like growth factor 1 receptor; PDAC; PDAC, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma; cancer growth; signal

PMID:
25486573
PMCID:
PMC4615113
DOI:
10.4161/15384101.2014.949550
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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