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Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2015 Jan;22(1):73-80. doi: 10.1038/nsmb.2930. Epub 2014 Dec 8.

The AAA3 domain of cytoplasmic dynein acts as a switch to facilitate microtubule release.

Author information

1
Biophysics Graduate Group, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA.
2
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA.
3
1] Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA. [2] Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA.

Abstract

Cytoplasmic dynein is an AAA+ motor responsible for intracellular cargo transport and force generation along microtubules (MTs). Unlike kinesin and myosin, dynein contains multiple ATPase subunits, with AAA1 serving as the primary catalytic site. ATPase activity at AAA3 is also essential for robust motility, but its role in dynein's mechanochemical cycle remains unclear. Here, we introduced transient pauses in Saccharomyces cerevisiae dynein motility by using a slowly hydrolyzing ATP analog. Analysis of pausing behavior revealed that AAA3 hydrolyzes nucleotide an order of magnitude more slowly than AAA1, and the two sites do not coordinate. ATPase mutations to AAA3 abolish the ability of dynein to modulate MT release. Nucleotide hydrolysis at AAA3 lifts this 'MT gate' to allow fast motility. These results suggest that AAA3 acts as a switch that repurposes cytoplasmic dynein for fast cargo transport and MT-anchoring tasks in cells.

PMID:
25486306
PMCID:
PMC4286497
DOI:
10.1038/nsmb.2930
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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