Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Front Neurol. 2014 Nov 21;5:241. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2014.00241. eCollection 2014.

Migraine associated with gastrointestinal disorders: review of the literature and clinical implications.

Author information

1
Winclove Probiotics , Amsterdam , Netherlands.
2
Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University , Wageningen , Netherlands.
3
Department of Neurology, Gelderse Vallei Hospital , Ede , Netherlands.
4
NijBarrahus Fertility Center , Wolvega , Netherlands.
5
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Gelderse Vallei Hospital , Ede , Netherlands.

Abstract

Recent studies suggest that migraine may be associated with gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel syndrome, and celiac disease. Here, an overview of the associations between migraine and GI disorders is presented, as well as possible mechanistic links and clinical implications. People who regularly experience GI symptoms have a higher prevalence of headaches, with a stronger association with increasing headache frequency. Children with a mother with a history of migraine are more likely to have infantile colic. Children with migraine are more likely to have experienced infantile colic compared to controls. Several studies demonstrated significant associations between migraine and celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and IBS. Possible underlying mechanisms of migraine and GI diseases could be increased gut permeability and inflammation. Therefore, it would be worthwhile to investigate these mechanisms further in migraine patients. These mechanisms also give a rationale to investigate the effects of the use of pre- and probiotics in migraine patients.

KEYWORDS:

celiac disease; colic; gastroparesis; inflammatory bowel disease; irritable bowel syndrome; leaky gut; migraine; probiotics

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Frontiers Media SA Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center