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Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2015;11(1):27-36. doi: 10.4161/hv.34299. Epub 2014 Nov 1.

Tailored immunity by skin antigen-presenting cells.

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a Sorbonne Universités; UPMC University Paris 06; UMR S CR7; Centre d'Immunologie et de Maladies Infectieuses; Paris, France.


Skin vaccination aims at targeting epidermal and dermal antigen-presenting cells (APCs), indeed many subsets of different origin endowed with various functions populate the skin. The idea that the skin could represent a particularly potent site to induce adaptive and protective immune response emerged after the success of vaccinia virus vaccination by skin scarification. Recent advances have shown that multiple subsets of APCs coexist in the skin and participate in immunity to infectious diseases. Induction of an adaptive immune response depends on the initial recognition and capture of antigens by skin APCs and their transport to lymphoid organs. Innovative strategies of vaccination have thus been developed to target skin APCs for tailored immunity, hence this review will discuss recent insights into skin APC subsets characterization and how they can shape adaptive immune responses.


Langerhans cell; cutaneous route of immunization; dendritic cell subsets; immune response; skin; vaccination

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