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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2015 Feb 1;91(2):325-36. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2014.10.005. Epub 2014 Dec 5.

High-sensitivity C-reactive protein complements plasma Epstein-Barr virus deoxyribonucleic acid prognostication in nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a large-scale retrospective and prospective cohort study.

Author information

1
Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China; Department of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.
2
Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China; Department of Information Technology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.
3
ZhongShan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.
4
Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.
5
Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China; Department of Clinical Laboratory, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.
6
Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: zengmsh@sysucc.org.cn.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the effects of combining the assessment of circulating high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) with that of Epstein-Barr virus DNA (EBV DNA) in the pretherapy prognostication of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Three independent cohorts of NPC patients (training set of n=3113, internal validation set of n=1556, and prospective validation set of n=1668) were studied. Determinants of disease-free survival, distant metastasis-free survival, and overall survival were assessed by multivariate analysis. Hazard ratios and survival probabilities of the patient groups, segregated by clinical stage (T1-2N0-1M0, T3-4N0-1M0, T1-2N2-3M0, and T3-4N2-3M0) and EBV DNA load (low or high) alone, and also according to hs-CRP level (low or high), were compared.

RESULTS:

Elevated hs-CRP and EBV DNA levels were significantly correlated with poor disease-free survival, distant metastasis-free survival, and overall survival in both the training and validation sets. Associations were similar and remained significant after excluding patients with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and chronic hepatitis B. Patients with advanced-stage disease were segregated by high EBV DNA levels and high hs-CRP level into a poorest-risk group, and participants with either high EBV DNA but low hs-CRP level or high hs-CRP but low EBV DNA values had poorer survival compared with the bottom values for both biomarkers. These findings demonstrate a significant improvement in the prognostic ability of conventional advanced NPC staging.

CONCLUSION:

Baseline plasma EBV DNA and serum hs-CRP levels were significantly correlated with survival in NPC patients. The combined interpretation of EBV DNA with hs-CRP levels led to refinement of the risks for the patient subsets, with improved risk discrimination in patients with advanced-stage disease.

PMID:
25482300
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijrobp.2014.10.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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