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Mol Microbiol. 1989 May;3(5):653-61.

A bacterial c-type cytochrome can be translocated to the periplasm as an apo form; the biosynthesis of cytochrome cd1 (nitrite reductase) from Paracoccus denitrificans.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, UK.


An apo form of cytochrome cd1 (nitrite reductase) of Paracoccus denitrificans has been detected immunologically in the periplasm of a mutant that lacks all c-type cytochromes. A method for the preparation of apo-nitrite reductase (lacking both c- and d-type haem) from the holoenzyme of wild-type cells has been developed. The apoprotein synthesized by the mutant is indistinguishable from the chemically prepared apoprotein in respect of: (i) subunit molecular weight; (ii) formation of a homodimer; (iii) properties on anion exchange chromatography. The holoenzyme has similar properties in respect of (i) and (ii) but behaves differently during anion exchange. A suggested mode of assembly of cytochrome cd1 is translocation into the periplasm of a precursor polypeptide, maturation by a signal peptidase to give an apoprotein identical to that prepared chemically from the holoenzyme, followed by insertion of c-type and d-type haem in an as yet unknown order.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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