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Cell. 2014 Dec 4;159(6):1478.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2014.11.026.

SnapShot: Hormones of the gastrointestinal tract.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75235, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75235, USA.
2
Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75235, USA; Molecular Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75235, USA.

Abstract

Specialized endocrine cells secrete a variety of peptide hormones all along the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, making it one of the largest endocrine organs in the body. Nutrients and developmental and neural cues trigger the secretion of gastrointestinal (GI) hormones from specialized endocrine cells along the GI tract. These hormones act in target tissues to facilitate digestion and regulate energy homeostasis. This SnapShot summarizes the production and functions of GI hormones.

PMID:
25480303
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2014.11.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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