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J Acoust Soc Am. 2014 Dec;136(6):3313. doi: 10.1121/1.4900831.

Optimizing frequency-to-electrode allocation for individual cochlear implant users.

Author information

1
Auditory Implant Service, Faculty of Engineering and the Environment, Building 19, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom.
2
Wessex Neurological Centre, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton SO16 6YD, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Individual adjustment of frequency-to-electrode assignment in cochlear implants (CIs) may potentially improve speech perception outcomes. Twelve adult CI users were recruited for an experiment, in which frequency maps were adjusted using insertion angles estimated from post-operative x rays; results were analyzed for ten participants with good quality x rays. The allocations were a mapping to the Greenwood function, a compressed map limited to the area containing spiral ganglion (SG) cells, a reduced frequency range map (RFR), and participants' clinical maps. A trial period of at least six weeks was given for the clinical, Greenwood, and SG maps although participants could return to their clinical map if they wished. Performance with the Greenwood map was poor for both sentence and vowel perception and correlated with insertion angle; performance with the SG map was poorer than for the clinical map. The RFR map was significantly better than the clinical map for three participants, for sentence perception, but worse for three others. Those with improved performance had relatively deep insertions and poor electrode discrimination ability for apical electrodes. The results suggest that CI performance could be improved by adjustment of the frequency allocation, based on a measure of insertion angle and/or electrode discrimination ability.

PMID:
25480076
DOI:
10.1121/1.4900831
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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