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Leuk Res. 2015 Jan;39(1):18-29. doi: 10.1016/j.leukres.2014.11.002. Epub 2014 Nov 21.

Malignant hematopoietic cell lines: in vitro models for the study of primary mediastinal B-cell lymphomas.

Author information

  • 1Leibniz-Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Dept. Human and Animal Cell Lines, Braunschweig, Germany. Electronic address: hans.drexler@dsmz.de.
  • 2Leibniz-Institute DSMZ-German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Dept. Human and Animal Cell Lines, Braunschweig, Germany.

Abstract

Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) is a highly aggressive disease with a unique set of biological, clinical, morphological, immunological and in particular genetic features that in the molecular era of defining lymphomas clearly distinguishes it as a separate entity from other diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). A precise molecular diagnosis of PMBL can be achieved by gene expression profiling. The signature gene expression profile of PMBL is more closely related to classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) than to other DLBCL subgroups. A number of common genetic aberrations in PMBL and cHL further underscore their close relationship. To investigate the pathobiology of lymphomas in depth, many groups have turned to cell lines that are suitable models facilitating molecular studies and providing unique insights. For the purposes of the current perspective, we focus on four bona fide PMBL-derived cell lines (FARAGE, KARPAS-1106, MEDB-1, U-2940) that we identified and validated as such through hierarchical cluster analysis among a large collection of leukemia-lymphoma cell lines. These gene expression profiles showed that the four PMBL cell lines represent a distinct entity and are most similar to cHL cell lines, confirming derivation from a related cell type. A validated cell line resource for PMBL should assist those seeking druggable targets in this entity. This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the currently available cellular models for the study of PMBL.

KEYWORDS:

B-NHL; Cell lines; DLBCL; Hodgkin; Lymphoma; PMBL

PMID:
25480038
DOI:
10.1016/j.leukres.2014.11.002
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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