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J Health Econ. 2014 Dec;38:65-76. doi: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2014.04.008.

Who pays for public employee health costs?

Author information

1
University of California, San Diego and NBER, United States. Electronic address: clemens.jeffrey@gmail.com.
2
Harvard University and NBER, United States.

Abstract

We analyze the incidence of public-employee health benefits. Because these benefits are negotiated through the political process, relevant labor market institutions deviate significantly from the competitive, private-sector benchmark. Empirically, we find that roughly 15 percent of the cost of recent benefit growth was passed onto school district employees through reductions in wages and salaries. Strong teachers' unions were associated with relatively strong linkages between benefit growth and growth in total compensation. Our analysis is consistent with the view that the costs of public workers' benefits are difficult to monitor, contributing to benefit oriented, and often under-funded, compensation schemes.

KEYWORDS:

Benefit incidence; Fiscal federalism; Health insurance; Public sector unions; State and local government finances

PMID:
25479887
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhealeco.2014.04.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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