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Adv Parasitol. 2014;86:1-19. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-800869-0.00001-9.

Historical patterns of malaria transmission in China.

Author information

1
National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, MOH; WHO Collaborating Centre for Malaria, Schistosomiasis and Filariasis, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
2
Chinese Preventive Medicine Association, Beijing, People's Republic of China; Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

The historical patterns of malaria transmission in the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 2010 are presented in this chapter to illustrate the changes in epidemiological features and malaria burden during five decades. A significant reduction of malaria incidence has resulted in initiation of a national malaria elimination programme. However, challenges in malaria elimination have been identified. Foci (or hot spots) have occurred in unstable transmission areas, indicating an urgent need for strengthened surveillance and response in the transition stage from control to elimination.

KEYWORDS:

Burden of disease; China; Distribution; Elimination; Epidemiological features; Malaria; Surveillance; Transmission

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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