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Aten Primaria. 2014 Nov;46 Suppl 5:88-91. doi: 10.1016/S0212-6567(14)70072-1.

Suicide ideation in higher education students: influence of social support.

Author information

1
Escola Superior de Saúde de Viseu, Viseu, Portugal. Electronic address: agoncalvessv@hotmail.com.
2
Escola Superior de Enfermagem do Porto, Porto, Portugal.
3
Escola Superior de Saúde de Viseu, Viseu, Portugal.
4
Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade do Porto, Portugal.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the prevalence of students' suicidal ideation and to assess its connection with social support.

METHODS:

Quantitative, descriptive and exploratory study on a sample of 1074 students from a higher education institution in Portugal. The data was collected through an online platform that included a questionnaire regarding the sociodemographic and academic profile of the students, the Social/Familiar Support Satisfaction Scale1 and the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire2.

RESULTS:

Students' ages varies between 17 and 49 (X¯=23,9 years old ± 6,107 sd), with the great majority (64.7%) being females. Results show that the presence/severity of suicidal thoughts is low (X¯=13.84; ± 20.29 SD) on a scale from 0 to 180 and cut-off point > 41 for values that suggest potential suicide risk, identifying 84 students at risk (7.8%). We verified significant connections between suicidal ideation and some dimensions of social support: social activities (r=-0.305; P=.000), intimacy (r=-0.272; P=.000) and overall social support (r=-0.168; P=.002).

CONCLUSIONS:

Suicidal ideation severity is higher on students who are far from home and living alone; students with weak social/familiar support networks (less involvement on social activities and intimate relationships). These results allow us to conclude that a frail social support network positively associates with ideation and suicidal risk.

KEYWORDS:

Higher education students; Social support; Suicidal ideation

PMID:
25476042
DOI:
10.1016/S0212-6567(14)70072-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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