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Food Microbiol. 2015 Apr;46:507-514. doi: 10.1016/j.fm.2014.09.013. Epub 2014 Oct 17.

Synergistic effect of gamma (γ)-irradiation and microencapsulated antimicrobials against Listeria monocytogenes on ready-to-eat (RTE) meat.

Author information

1
Research Laboratories in Sciences Applied to Food, Canadian Irradiation Centre (CIC), INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier, University of Quebec, 531 Boulevard des Prairies, Laval, Québec H7V 1B7, Canada.
2
Département des sciences du bois et de la forêt, Faculté de foresterie, géographie et géomatique, Université Laval, Québec G1V 0A6, Canada.
3
FPInnovations, 570 Boulevard St. Jean, Pointe-Claire, Québec H9R 3J9, Canada.
4
Research Laboratories in Sciences Applied to Food, Canadian Irradiation Centre (CIC), INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier, University of Quebec, 531 Boulevard des Prairies, Laval, Québec H7V 1B7, Canada. Electronic address: monique.lacroix@iaf.inrs.ca.

Abstract

Oregano essential oil (Origanum compactum; 250 μg/ml), cinnamon essential oil (Cinnamomum cassia; 250 μg/ml) and nisin (16 μg/ml) were used alone or in combination to evaluate their efficiency to inhibit the growth of Listeria monocytogenes on RTE ham. Microencapsulation of the antimicrobial formulations was done to verify the potential effect of the polymer to protect the antimicrobial efficiency during storage. Combined treatments of antimicrobial formulation with γ-irradiation were done to verify the synergistic effect against L. monocytogenes. Microencapsulation of essential oils-nisin and γ-irradiation treatment in combination showed synergistic antimicrobial effect during storage on RTE meat products. Microencapsulated cinnamon and nisin in combination with γ-irradiation (at 1.5 kGy) showed 0.03 ln CFU/g/day growth rate of L. monocytogenes whereas the growth rate of non-microencapsulated cinnamon and nisin in combination with γ-irradiation was 0.17 ln CFU/g/day. Microencapsulation significantly (P ≤ 0.05) improved the radiosensitivity of L. monocytogenes. Microencapsulated oregano and cinnamon essential oil in combination with nisin showed the highest bacterial radiosensitization 2.89 and 5, respectively, compared to the control.

KEYWORDS:

Essential oils; Gamma irradiation; Growth rate; Listeria monocytogenes; Microencapsulation; Nisin

PMID:
25475322
DOI:
10.1016/j.fm.2014.09.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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