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Rev Alerg Mex. 2014 Oct-Dec;61(4):317-26.

[Allergic rhinitis in asthmatic patients].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital General del Sur Dr. Pedro Iturbe, Maracaibo, Estado Zulia, Venezuela. yraimalarreal@yahoo.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

Allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma are airways chronic inflammatory processes, with a correlation of 28-78%.

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the prevalence and classification of allergic rhinitis on asthmatic patients, according to the workshop Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA), and to assess the total serum concentrations of IgE and the presence of nasal and blood eosinophilia.

MATERIAL AND METHOD:

A study was done with asthmatic patients ages 7 to 14, attending the Pediatric Service at the Hospital General del Sur Dr. Pedro Iturbe, Maracaibo, Estado Zulia, Venezuela. Subjects were polled for signs and symptoms suggesting allergic rhinitis and its impact on quality of life. Blood and nasal swab samples were taken to perform laboratory tests in study.

RESULTS:

There were 60 asthmatic patients, 73.3% males and 70% scholar age patients. The prevalence of allergic rhinitis was 93.3%, according to ARIA classification. Mild intermittent group was the most frequent type, with 42.8% the most frequent clinic sign was the allergic shiners (86.6%), and the predominant symptom was the nasal aqueous trickle (83.3%), while sleep disorders were the most common affection of quality of life (39.2%). In 85.7% of patients eosinophil percentage was higher than 3%, whereas in 75% total serum IgE values were higher than 100 Ul/mL. In patients with rhinitis, 61.9% of the nasal mucus showed altered eosinophils percentage higher than 10%.

CONCLUSION:

A high prevalence of allergic rhinitis is present in asthmatic patients, confirmed by laboratory tests, which proves an inflammatory response mediated by IgE.

KEYWORDS:

ARIA; Allergic rinitis; Asthma; Eosinophilia; IgE

PMID:
25473869

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