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Mol Endocrinol. 1989 May;3(5):840-5.

Acute and chronic regulation of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase mRNA by insulin and glucose.

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Research Division, Joslin Diabetes Center, Boston, Massachusetts.


Using the well differentiated rat hepatoma Fao we have studied the regulation of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) mRNA by insulin and glucose and compared these results to glucose production as estimated by glucose release into the medium. Fao cells possess an active gluconeogenic pathway and, when grown in glucose-free medium, release glucose for over 8 h. Addition of the cAMP analog, 8-(4-chlorophenyl-thio) cAMP (8-CTP-cAMP) or increasing the concentration of dihydroxyacetone and oxaloacetate results in an increase in glucose release which can be suppressed by insulin at concentrations between 1 and 100 nM. These effect of cAMP and insulin are associated with parallel changes in the level of mRNAPEPCK. Insulin treatment reduces mRNAPEPCK levels in these cells by 80%; this effect is transient reaching a maximum at 2-4 h. Addition of glucose to cells grown in glucose-free (G-) medium produces a decrease in mRNAPEPCK which is similar in magnitude and kinetics to that produced by insulin. Conversely, when cells grown in normal medium are placed in G- medium mRNAPEPCK levels triple over a period of 8 h, then return toward the basal value. Cells grown in G- medium or in G- medium plus 10nM insulin for 1 yr exhibit only slightly increased levels of mRNAPEPCK and respond to both 8-CTP-cAMP, and insulin, although the response to 8-CTP-cAMP is slightly blunted. These data indicate that glucose and insulin can play independent roles in regulation of PEPCK gene expression, and that these regulatory effects are usually transient.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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