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Nurse Educ Today. 2015 Mar;35(3):432-8. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2014.11.001. Epub 2014 Nov 13.

The relationship between academic self-concept, intrinsic motivation, test anxiety, and academic achievement among nursing students: mediating and moderating effects.

Author information

1
Zefat Academic College, Israel. Electronic address: rabeikh@zefat.ac.il.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The impact of cognitive factors on academic achievement is well documented. However, little is known about the mediating and moderating effects of non-cognitive, motivational and situational factors on academic achievement among nursing students.

PURPOSE:

The aim of this study is to explore the direct and/or indirect effects of academic self-concept on academic achievement, and examine whether intrinsic motivation moderates the negative effect of test anxiety on academic achievement.

METHOD:

This descriptive-correlational study was carried out on a convenience sample of 170 undergraduate nursing students, in an academic college in northern Israel. Academic motivation, academic self-concept and test anxiety scales were used as measuring instruments. Bootstrapping with resampling strategies was used for testing multiple mediators' model and examining the moderator effect.

RESULTS:

A higher self-concept was found to be directly related to greater academic achievement. Test anxiety and intrinsic motivation were found to be significant mediators in the relationship between self-concept and academic achievement. In addition, intrinsic motivation significantly moderated the negative effect of test anxiety on academic achievement.

CONCLUSION:

The results suggested that institutions should pay more attention to the enhancement of motivational factors (e.g., self-concept and motivation) and alleviate the negative impact of situational factors (e.g., test anxiety) when offering psycho-educational interventions designed to improve nursing students' academic achievements.

KEYWORDS:

Academic motivation; Intrinsic achievement; Self-concept; Test anxiety

PMID:
25466798
DOI:
10.1016/j.nedt.2014.11.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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