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Cell Rep. 2014 Dec 11;9(5):1770-1780. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2014.10.049. Epub 2014 Nov 20.

A rare human syndrome provides genetic evidence that WNT signaling is required for reprogramming of fibroblasts to induced pluripotent stem cells.

Author information

1
Stem Cell Program, Sanford Consortium for Regenerative Medicine, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.
2
Department of Biological Sciences, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA.
3
Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
4
Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
5
Stem Cell Program, Sanford Consortium for Regenerative Medicine, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. Electronic address: kwillert@ucsd.edu.

Abstract

WNT signaling promotes the reprogramming of somatic cells to an induced pluripotent state. We provide genetic evidence that WNT signaling is a requisite step during the induction of pluripotency. Fibroblasts from individuals with focal dermal hypoplasia (FDH), a rare genetic syndrome caused by mutations in the essential WNT processing enzyme PORCN, fail to reprogram with standard methods. This blockade in reprogramming is overcome by ectopic WNT signaling and PORCN overexpression, thus demonstrating that WNT signaling is essential for reprogramming. The rescue of reprogramming is critically dependent on the level of WNT signaling: steady baseline activation of the WNT pathway yields karyotypically normal iPSCs, whereas daily stimulation with Wnt3a produces FDH-iPSCs with severely abnormal karyotypes. Therefore, although WNT signaling is required for cellular reprogramming, inappropriate activation of WNT signaling induces chromosomal instability, highlighting the precarious nature of ectopic WNT activation and its tight relationship with oncogenic transformation.

PMID:
25464842
PMCID:
PMC4335800
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2014.10.049
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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