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PLoS One. 2014 Dec 2;9(12):e114488. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0114488. eCollection 2014.

Blood coagulation parameters and platelet indices: changes in normal and preeclamptic pregnancies and predictive values for preeclampsia.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, P.R.China; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the 306th Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing, P.R.China.
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, P.R.China.
3
Department of General Surgery, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, P.R.China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Preeclampsia (PE) is an obstetric disorder with high morbidity and mortality rates but without clear pathogeny. The dysfunction of the blood coagulation-fibrinolysis system is a salient characteristic of PE that varies in severity, and necessitates different treatments. Therefore, it is necessary to find suitable predictors for the onset and severity of PE.

OBJECTIVES:

We aimed to evaluate blood coagulation parameters and platelet indices as potential predictors for the onset and severity of PE.

METHODS:

Blood samples from 3 groups of subjects, normal pregnant women (n = 79), mild preeclampsia (mPE) (n = 53) and severe preeclampsia (sPE) (n = 42), were collected during early and late pregnancy. The levels of coagulative parameters and platelet indices were measured and compared among the groups. The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves of these indices were generated, and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. The predictive values of the selected potential parameters were examined in binary regression analysis.

RESULTS:

During late pregnancy in the normal pregnancy group, the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time (TT) and platelet count decreased, while the fibrinogen level and mean platelet volume (MPV) increased compared to early pregnancy (p<0.05). However, the PE patients presented with increased APTT, TT, MPV and D-dimer (DD) during the third trimester. In the analysis of subjects with and without PE, TT showed the largest AUC (0.743) and high predictive value. In PE patients with different severities, MPV showed the largest AUC (0.671) and ideal predictive efficiency.

CONCLUSION:

Normal pregnancy causes a maternal physiological hypercoagulable state in late pregnancy. PE may trigger complex disorders in the endogenous coagulative pathways and consume platelets and FIB, subsequently activating thrombopoiesis and fibrinolysis. Thrombin time and MPV may serve as early monitoring markers for the onset and severity of PE, respectively.

PMID:
25464515
PMCID:
PMC4252147
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0114488
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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