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Bone. 2015 Mar;72:34-42. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2014.11.005. Epub 2014 Nov 15.

Isolation and gene expression of haematopoietic-cell-free preparations of highly purified murine osteocytes.

Author information

1
St. Vincent's Institute of Medical Research, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia; Department of Medicine at St. Vincent's Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia.
2
St. Vincent's Institute of Medical Research, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia; Department of Medicine at St. Vincent's Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: nsims@svi.edu.au.

Abstract

To define their gene expression and function, osteocytes are commonly isolated and purified by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) from mice expressing GFP directed by the dentin matrix protein 1 (Dmp1) promoter (DMP1-GFP). These cells express mRNA for osteocyte genes, including sclerostin (Sost) and Dmp1, and genes associated with the osteoclast phenotype: Dcstamp, Oscar, Cathepsin K (Ctsk), tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP/Acp5) and calcitonin receptor (Calcr). This suggests either that osteoclasts and osteocytes share genes and functions or that DMP1-GFP(+) preparations contain haematopoietic osteoclasts. To resolve this we stained DMP1-GFP cells for haematopoietic lineage (Lin) surface markers (CD2, CD3e, CD4, CD45, CD5, CD8, CD11b, B220, Gr1, Ter119) and CD31. Lin(-)CD31(-) (Lin(-)) and Lin(+)CD31(+) (Lin(+)) populations were analysed for GFP, and the four resulting populations assessed by quantitative real-time PCR. Lin(-)GFP(+) cells expressed mRNAs for Sost, Dmp1, and Mepe, confirming their osteocyte identity. Dcstamp and Oscar mRNAs were restricted to haematopoietic (Lin(+)) cells, but Calcr, Ctsk and Acp5 were readily detected in purified osteocytes (Lin(-)GFP(+)). The capacity of these purified osteocytes to support osteoclastogenesis was assessed: no TRAP+ cells with >2 nuclei were formed when purified osteocytes were cultured with bone marrow macrophages and stimulated with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin-D3/prostaglandin E2. Lin(-)GFP(+) osteocytes also expressed lower levels of Tnfsf11 (RANKL) mRNA than the osteoblast-enriched population (Lin(-)GFP(-)). This demonstrates the importance of haematopoietic depletion in generating highly purified osteocytes and shows that osteocytes express Acp5, Ctsk and Calcr, but not other osteoclast markers, and do not fully support osteoclast formation in vitro.

KEYWORDS:

Osteoclast; Osteocyte

PMID:
25460578
DOI:
10.1016/j.bone.2014.11.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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