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Cell Signal. 2015 Feb;27(2):340-52. doi: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2014.11.017. Epub 2014 Nov 25.

MAPK-induced Gab1 translocation to the plasma membrane depends on a regulated intramolecular switch.

Author information

1
Institute of Biology, Department of Systems Biology, Magdeburg Centre for Systems Biology, Otto-von-Guericke University, Universitätsplatz 2, Gebäude 28/Pfälzer Platz, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany; Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstrasse 30, 52074 Aachen, Germany. Electronic address: alexandra.wolf@rwth-aachen.de.
2
Institute of Biology, Department of Systems Biology, Magdeburg Centre for Systems Biology, Otto-von-Guericke University, Universitätsplatz 2, Gebäude 28/Pfälzer Platz, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany. Electronic address: r.eulenfeld@fz-juelich.de.
3
Institute of Biology, Department of Systems Biology, Magdeburg Centre for Systems Biology, Otto-von-Guericke University, Universitätsplatz 2, Gebäude 28/Pfälzer Platz, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany. Electronic address: hannes.bongartz@ovgu.de.
4
Institute of Biology, Department of Systems Biology, Magdeburg Centre for Systems Biology, Otto-von-Guericke University, Universitätsplatz 2, Gebäude 28/Pfälzer Platz, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany. Electronic address: wiebke.hessenkemper@ovgu.de.
5
Biological Systems Architecture Group, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, Department of Oncology, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, OX3 9DS, UK. Electronic address: philip.simister@imm.ox.ac.uk.
6
Department of Medical Protein Research, VIB, Albert Baertsoenkaai 3, 9000 Ghent, Belgium and Department of Biochemistry, Ghent University, Albert Baertsoenkaai 3, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: sam.lievens@vib-ugent.be.
7
Department of Medical Protein Research, VIB, Albert Baertsoenkaai 3, 9000 Ghent, Belgium and Department of Biochemistry, Ghent University, Albert Baertsoenkaai 3, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: jan.tavernier@vib-ugent.be.
8
Biological Systems Architecture Group, Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, Department of Oncology, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, OX3 9DS, UK; Institute of Molecular Medicine, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, ZAMED, Heinrich-Damerow Straße 1, 06120 Halle, Germany. Electronic address: stephan.feller@medizin.uni-halle.de.
9
Institute of Biology, Department of Systems Biology, Magdeburg Centre for Systems Biology, Otto-von-Guericke University, Universitätsplatz 2, Gebäude 28/Pfälzer Platz, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany; Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstrasse 30, 52074 Aachen, Germany. Electronic address: fred.schaper@ovgu.de.

Abstract

The timely orchestration of multiple signalling pathways is crucial for the integrity of an organism and therefore tightly controlled. Gab family proteins coordinate signal transduction at the plasma membrane (PM) by acting as docking platforms for signalling components involved in MAP kinase (MAPK), PI3 kinase (PI3K), phospholipase C (PLC) and Rho family GTPase signalling. The interaction with these components as well as the targeting of the docking platform to the PM underlies complex spatial and temporal regulatory mechanisms. Deregulated Gab1 activation and membrane binding have been observed in some haematopoietic malignancies and solid tumours, thereby contributing, for example, to the development of Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms and certain lung cancers. Previously, we could demonstrate that the presence of PIP3 in the PM, which is increased in many cancer cells, is not sufficient for constitutive Gab1 membrane recruitment. In addition, MAPK-dependent phosphorylation of Gab1 at serine 552 (Ser552) is vital for Gab1 membrane binding. Here, we confirm our hypothesis that in the absence of MAPK activity an intrinsic part of Gab1 prevents binding to PIP3 at the PM. This epitope of Gab1, which encompasses Ser552, interacts directly with the Gab1 PH domain. Two arginines located in positions +4 and +8 of Ser552 are essential for the interaction with the PH domain, as well as for the inhibition of membrane recruitment of unphosphorylated Gab1. Ser552 phosphorylation is dispensable in respective arginine to alanine mutants of Gab1. Gab1 recruitment to the PM is highly dynamic and continuous PI3K and MAPK activities are both essential for sustained Gab1 membrane localisation. Our data document the existence of a sophisticated and robust control mechanism that prevents Gab1 translocation and signalling complex assembly after the activation of either MAPK or PI3K alone.

KEYWORDS:

Gab1; Interleukin-6; Molecular computation; PH domain; Signal transduction

PMID:
25460044
DOI:
10.1016/j.cellsig.2014.11.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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