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Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2014 Dec;22(12):2003-12. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2014.07.012. Epub 2014 Nov 22.

Osteoarthritis year in review 2014: imaging.

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Quantitative Imaging Center (QIC), Department of Radiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Radiology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany. Electronic address:
Quantitative Imaging Center (QIC), Department of Radiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.



This narrative review covers original publications related to imaging in osteoarthritis (OA) published in English between April 2013 and March 2014. In vitro data, animal studies and studies with less than 20 observations were not included.


To extract relevant studies, an extensive PubMed database search was performed based on, but not limited to the query terms "Osteoarthritis" in combination with "MRI", "Imaging", "Radiography", "Ultrasound", "Computed Tomography" and "Nuclear Medicine". Publications were sorted according to relevance based on potential impact to the OA research community with the overarching goal of a balanced overview covering all aspects of imaging. Focus was on publications in high impact special interest journals. The literature will be presented in a methodological fashion covering radiography, ultrasound, compositional and morphologic Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and from an anatomic perspective including bone, muscle, meniscus and synovitis.


Imaging research in OA in the last year was characterized by a strong focus on MRI-based studies dealing with epidemiological and methodological aspects of the disease. Ultrastructural tissue assessment specifically of cartilage and meniscus using compositional MRI is evolving further. Additional subsets of the large publicly available Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) MRI dataset are being analyzed at present and have been published with muscle analyses coming increasingly into the focus of the community. Bone parameters were evaluated using varying technology and a persistent interest in inflammatory disease manifestations has been noted. Other modalities than MRI have been less explored. To date most OA imaging research is still focused on the knee joint.


Computed tomography; Imaging; MRI; Osteoarthritis; Radiography; Ultrasound

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