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J Subst Abuse Treat. 2015 Mar;50:50-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2014.10.001. Epub 2014 Oct 14.

Effect of an organizational linkage intervention on staff perceptions of medication-assisted treatment and referral intentions in community corrections.

Author information

1
Providence Veteran Affairs Medical Center and Brown University, Providence, RI, USA; Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI, USA. Electronic address: pfriedmann@lifespan.org.
2
Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI, USA.
3
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.
4
National Institute on Drug Abuse, Bethesda, MD, USA.
5
Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
6
University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA.
7
Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX, USA.
8
University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
9
University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
10
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.
11
West Chester University, West Chester, PA, USA.
12
Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) is effective for alcohol and opioid use disorders but it is stigmatized and underutilized in criminal justice settings.

METHODS:

This study cluster-randomized 20 community corrections sites to determine whether an experimental implementation strategy of training and an organizational linkage intervention improved staff perceptions of MAT and referral intentions more than training alone. The 3-hour training was designed to address deficits in knowledge, perceptions and referral information, and the organizational linkage intervention brought together community corrections and addiction treatment agencies in an interagency strategic planning and implementation process over 12 months.

RESULTS:

Although training alone was associated with increases in familiarity with pharmacotherapy and knowledge of where to refer clients, the experimental intervention produced significantly greater improvements in functional attitudes (e.g. that MAT is helpful to clients) and referral intentions. Corrections staff demonstrated greater improvements in functional perceptions and intent to refer opioid dependent clients for MAT than did treatment staff.

CONCLUSION:

Knowledge, perceptions and information training plus interorganizational strategic planning intervention is an effective means to change attitudes and intent to refer clients for medication assisted treatment in community corrections settings, especially among corrections staff.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01344122.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol-related disorders; Attitudes; Criminal justice; Opiate substitution treatment; Opioid-related disorders

PMID:
25456091
PMCID:
PMC4304936
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsat.2014.10.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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