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Ann Emerg Med. 2015 Jan;65(1):101-8. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.10.009. Epub 2014 Oct 23.

Ebola virus outbreak 2014: clinical review for emergency physicians.

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Madigan Army Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Fort Lewis, WA. Electronic address:
Madigan Army Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Fort Lewis, WA.


The 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa is the largest in history. Ebola viral disease is a severe and fatal illness characterized by a nonspecific viral syndrome followed by fulminant septic shock and coagulopathy. Despite ongoing efforts directed at experimental treatments and vaccine development, current medical management of Ebola viral disease is largely limited to supportive therapy, thus making early case identification and immediate implementation of appropriate control measures critical. Because a case of Ebola viral disease was confirmed in the United States on September 30, 2014, emergency medicine providers should be knowledgeable about it for a number of reasons: we are being called on to answer questions about Ebola and allay public fears, we are likely to be first to encounter an infected patient, and there are increasing numbers of US emergency physicians working in Africa who risk coming in direct contact with the disease. This article seeks to provide emergency physicians with the essential and up-to-date information required to identify, evaluate, and manage Ebola viral disease and to join global efforts to contain the current outbreak.

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