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Seizure. 2015 Feb;25:184-6. doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2014.10.009. Epub 2014 Oct 23.

High-fat diets and seizure control in myoclonic-astatic epilepsy: a single center's experience.

Author information

1
Division Pediatric Neurology, Seattle Children's Hospital/University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
2
Division of Nutrition, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA, USA.
3
Division Pediatric Neurology, Seattle Children's Hospital/University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA, USA.
4
Division Pediatric Neurology, Seattle Children's Hospital/University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address: russ.saneto@seattlechildrens.org.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the efficacy of the Modified Atkins Diet (MAD) and Ketogenic Diet (KD) in seizure control within a population of myoclonic-astatic epilepsy (MAE) patients.

METHODS:

This was a retrospective, single center study evaluating the seizure control by high fat diets. Seizure diaries kept by the parents performed seizure counts. All patients met the clinical criteria for MAE.

RESULTS:

Nine patients met the clinical criteria. We found that both the MAD and KD were efficacious in complete seizure control and allowed other medications to be stopped in seven patients. Two patients had greater than 90% seizure control without medications, one on the KD and the other on the MAD. Seizure freedom has ranged from 13 to 36 months, and during this time four patients have been fully weaned off of diet management. One patient was found to have a mutation in SLC2A1.

CONCLUSION:

Our results suggest that strictly defined MAE patients respond to the MAD with prolonged seizure control. Some patients may require the KD for seizure freedom, suggesting a common pathway of increased requirement for fats. Once controlled, those fully responsive to the Diet(s) could be weaned off traditional seizure medications and in many, subsequently off the MAD or KD.

KEYWORDS:

Doose syndrome; Ketogenic Diet; Modified Atkins Diet; Myoclonic-atonic seizures; SLC2A1

PMID:
25455059
DOI:
10.1016/j.seizure.2014.10.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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