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Am J Surg. 2015 Jan;209(1):26-33. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2014.09.015. Epub 2014 Oct 22.

A multi-institutional study of the emotional intelligence of resident physicians.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address: skmckinley@gmail.com.
2
Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA.
3
ePsy Consultancy, Toronto, Canada.
4
Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
5
Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
6
Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.
7
Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although emotional intelligence (EI) may have a role in the development of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education core competencies, few studies have measured resident EI across specialties. This study aimed to describe the EI of resident physicians across multiple specialties.

METHODS:

Three hundred twenty five surgery, pediatric, and pathology residents at 3 large academic institutions were invited to complete the psychometrically validated Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire.

RESULTS:

The response rate was 42.8% (n = 139). Global EI of all residents (101.0 ± 8.1) was comparable with, but less variable than, the general population sample and was not statistically different between specialties. Compared with the norm sample, residents in the 3 specialty groups demonstrated unique combinations of areas of relative high and low development.

CONCLUSIONS:

There exist distinct strengths and opportunities for the development for surgery, pediatrics, and pathology residents. Future investigations could use EI profiling to create educational interventions to develop specific areas of EI and assess correlation with resident performance.

KEYWORDS:

ACGME core competencies; Emotional intelligence; Graduate medical education; Surgical education; Surgical residency

PMID:
25454957
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjsurg.2014.09.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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