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Digestion. 1989;42(1):22-9.

Effect of pectin, a soluble dietary fiber, on functional and morphological parameters of the small intestine in rats.

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1
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Japan.

Abstract

We investigated the effects of pectin, a soluble dietary fiber, on functional and morphological parameters of the small intestine in rats. A control group and a pectin-fed group were given a fiber-free elemental liquid diet and an elemental liquid diet containing 2.5% (w/w) pectin, respectively, for 2 weeks. The ileal mucosal specific activities of maltase, sucrase and alkaline phosphatase increased significantly in the pectin-fed group. Maltose absorption of the ileum, studied in vitro by the method of everted sacs and disaccharide-dependent potential difference, increased significantly in the pectin-fed group. The length of the small intestine as well as the villus height and crypt depth of both the jejunum and the ileum were significantly greater in the pectin-fed group. The crypt cell production rate of the jejunum and the ileum was also significantly greater in the pectin-fed group. Plasma enteroglucagon, but not gastrin, increased significantly in the pectin-fed group. These data suggest that pectin feeding results in hyperplasia of the small-intestinal mucosa and a significant increase in the enzyme activities of the brush border membrane of the ileum.

PMID:
2545493
DOI:
10.1159/000199821
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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