Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Sleep Med Rev. 2015 Aug;22:23-36. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2014.10.001. Epub 2014 Oct 16.

The role of sleep hygiene in promoting public health: A review of empirical evidence.

Author information

1
North Dakota State University, Department of Psychology, Fargo, ND, USA. Electronic address: Leah.Irish@ndsu.edu.
2
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

The ineffectiveness of sleep hygiene as a treatment in clinical sleep medicine has raised some interesting questions. If it is known that, individually, each specific component of sleep hygiene is related to sleep, why wouldn't addressing multiple individual components (i.e., sleep hygiene education) improve sleep? Is there still a use for sleep hygiene? Global public health concern over sleep has increased demand for sleep promotion strategies accessible to the population. However, the extent to which sleep hygiene strategies apply outside clinical settings is not well known. The present review sought to evaluate the empirical evidence for sleep hygiene recommendations regarding exercise, stress management, noise, sleep timing, and avoidance of caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, and daytime napping, with a particular emphasis on their public health utility. Thus, our review is not intended to be exhaustive regarding the clinical application of these techniques, but rather to focus on broader applications. Overall, though epidemiologic and experimental research generally supported an association between individual sleep hygiene recommendations and nocturnal sleep, the direct effects of individual recommendations on sleep remains largely untested in the general population. Suggestions for clarification of sleep hygiene recommendations and considerations for the use of sleep hygiene in nonclinical populations are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol; Caffeine; Exercise; Napping; Nicotine; Noise; Public health; Sleep hygiene; Sleep timing; Stress

PMID:
25454674
PMCID:
PMC4400203
DOI:
10.1016/j.smrv.2014.10.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center