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Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter. 2014 Nov-Dec;36(6):420-3. doi: 10.1016/j.bjhh.2014.06.001. Epub 2014 Jul 9.

Nutritional status of children and adolescents at diagnosis of hematological and solid malignancies.

Author information

1
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: pri.nutri@gmail.com.
2
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the nutritional status of child and adolescent patients with cancer at diagnosis.

METHODS:

A total of 1154 patients were included and divided into two groups: solid and hematological malignancies. The parameters used for nutritional assessment were weight, height, triceps skinfold thickness, mid-upper arm circumference, arm muscle circumference, body mass index and percentage weight loss.

RESULTS:

At diagnosis, below adequate body mass index was observed by anthropometric analysis in 10.85% of the patients - 12.2% in the solid tumor group and 9.52% in the hematologic group. The average weight loss adjusted for a period of 7 days was -2.82% in the hematologic group and -2.9% in the solid tumor group.

CONCLUSIONS:

The prevalence of malnutrition is higher among patients with malignancies than in the general population, even though no difference was observed between the two groups.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Neoplasms; Nutritional status; Pediatrics; Weight loss

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