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Glia. 2015 Mar;63(3):353-64. doi: 10.1002/glia.22773. Epub 2014 Dec 1.

Rising stars: modulation of brain functions by astroglial type-1 cannabinoid receptors.

Author information

1
INSERM U862 NeuroCentre Magendie and Université de Bordeaux, 33077, Bordeaux, France.

Abstract

The type-1-cannabinoid (CB1 ) receptor is amongst the most widely expressed G protein-coupled receptors in the brain. In few decades, CB1 receptors have been shown to regulate a large array of functions from brain cell development and survival to complex cognitive processes. Understanding the cellular mechanisms underlying these functions of CB1 is complex due to the heterogeneity of the brain cell types on which the receptor is expressed. Although the large majority of CB1 receptors act on neurons, early studies pointed to a direct control of CB1 receptors over astroglial functions including brain energy supply and neuroprotection. In line with the growing concept of the tripartite synapse highlighting astrocytes as direct players in synaptic plasticity, astroglial CB1 receptor signaling recently emerged as the mediator of several forms of synaptic plasticity associated to important cognitive functions. Here, we shortly review the current knowledge on CB1 receptor-mediated astroglial functions. This functional spectrum is large and most of the mechanisms by which CB1 receptors control astrocytes, as well as their consequences in vivo, are still unknown, requiring innovative approaches to improve this new cannabinoid research field.

KEYWORDS:

CB1 receptors; astrocytes; metabolism; neuroprotection; synaptic plasticity

PMID:
25452006
DOI:
10.1002/glia.22773
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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