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Biotechnol Adv. 2015 Nov 15;33(7):1420-32. doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2014.11.007. Epub 2014 Nov 20.

Rapid prototyping of microbial cell factories via genome-scale engineering.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States; Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States.
2
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States.
3
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States; Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States; Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States; Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States; Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, United States. Electronic address: zhao5@illinois.edu.

Abstract

Advances in reading, writing and editing genetic materials have greatly expanded our ability to reprogram biological systems at the resolution of a single nucleotide and on the scale of a whole genome. Such capacity has greatly accelerated the cycles of design, build and test to engineer microbes for efficient synthesis of fuels, chemicals and drugs. In this review, we summarize the emerging technologies that have been applied, or are potentially useful for genome-scale engineering in microbial systems. We will focus on the development of high-throughput methodologies, which may accelerate the prototyping of microbial cell factories.

KEYWORDS:

Genome synthesis; Genome-scale engineering; High-throughput technology; Homologous recombination; Microbial cell factory; Transcriptome engineering

PMID:
25450192
PMCID:
PMC4439387
DOI:
10.1016/j.biotechadv.2014.11.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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