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J Geriatr Oncol. 2015 Jan;6(1):8-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jgo.2014.09.184. Epub 2014 Oct 30.

Effects of yoga on cancer-related fatigue and global side-effect burden in older cancer survivors.

Author information

1
School of Health and Applied Human Sciences, University of North Carolina at Wilmington, Wilmington, NC, USA. Electronic address: sprodl@uncw.edu.
2
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA.
3
Department of Surgery, Cancer Control and Survivorship Program, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA.
4
Southeast Cancer Control Consortium, Winston Salem, NC, USA.
5
Greenville Community Clinical Oncology Program, Greenville, SC, USA.
6
Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA; Department of Surgery, Cancer Control and Survivorship Program, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Sixty percent of cancer survivors are 65years of age or older. Cancer and its treatments lead to cancer-related fatigue and many other side effects, in turn, creating substantial global side-effect burden (total burden from all side effects) which, ultimately, compromises functional independence and quality of life. Various modes of exercise, such as yoga, reduce cancer-related fatigue and global side-effect burden in younger cancer survivors, but no studies have specifically examined the effects of yoga on older cancer survivors.

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a 4-week yoga intervention (Yoga for Cancer Survivors: YOCAS©®) on overall cancer-related fatigue, and due to its multidimensional nature, the subdomains of cancer-related fatigue (general, physical, emotional, and mental) and global side-effect burden in older cancer survivors.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We conducted a secondary analysis on data from a multicenter phase III randomized controlled clinical trial with 2 arms (standard care and standard care plus a 4-week YOCAS©® intervention). The sample for this secondary analysis was 97 older cancer survivors (≥60years of age), between 2months and 2years post-treatment, who participated in the original trial.

RESULTS:

Participants in the YOCAS©® intervention arm reported significantly lower cancer-related fatigue, physical fatigue, mental fatigue, and global side-effect burden than participants in the standard care arm following the 4-week intervention period (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

YOCAS©® is an effective standardized yoga intervention for reducing cancer-related fatigue, physical fatigue, mental fatigue, and global side-effect burden among older cancer survivors.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer; Cancer-related fatigue; Exercise; Side-effects; Yoga

PMID:
25449185
PMCID:
PMC4297736
DOI:
10.1016/j.jgo.2014.09.184
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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