Send to

Choose Destination
Gastroenterology. 2015 Feb;148(2):324-333.e5. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2014.10.009. Epub 2014 Oct 13.

Efficacy of transoral fundoplication vs omeprazole for treatment of regurgitation in a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

Department of Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon. Electronic address:
Department of Surgery and Department of Gastroenterology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.
SurgOne Foregut Institute, Englewood, Colorado.
Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas.
Department of Surgery, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, District of Columbia; Reston Surgical Associates, Reston, Virginia.
Department of Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon.
Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.
Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
Department of Surgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California.
Department of Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon; Department of Surgery, Oregon Clinic, Portland, Oregon.



Transoral esophagogastric fundoplication (TF) can decrease or eliminate features of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in some patients whose symptoms persist despite proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. We performed a prospective, sham-controlled trial to determine if TF reduced troublesome regurgitation to a greater extent than PPIs in patients with GERD.


We screened 696 patients with troublesome regurgitation despite daily PPI use with 3 validated GERD-specific symptom scales, on and off PPIs. Those with at least troublesome regurgitation (based on the Montreal definition) on PPIs underwent barium swallow, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, 48-hour esophageal pH monitoring (off PPIs), and high-resolution esophageal manometry analyses. Patients with GERD and hiatal hernias ≤2 cm were randomly assigned to groups that underwent TF and then received 6 months of placebo (n = 87), or sham surgery and 6 months of once- or twice-daily omeprazole (controls, n = 42). Patients were blinded to therapy during follow-up period and reassessed at 2, 12, and 26 weeks. At 6 months, patients underwent 48-hour esophageal pH monitoring and esophagogastroduodenoscopy.


By intention-to-treat analysis, TF eliminated troublesome regurgitation in a larger proportion of patients (67%) than PPIs (45%) (P = .023). A larger proportion of controls had no response at 3 months (36%) than subjects that received TF (11%; P = .004). Control of esophageal pH improved after TF (mean 9.3% before and 6.3% after; P < .001), but not after sham surgery (mean 8.6% before and 8.9% after). Subjects from both groups who completed the protocol had similar reductions in GERD symptom scores. Severe complications were rare (3 subjects receiving TF and 1 receiving the sham surgery).


TF was an effective treatment for patients with GERD symptoms, particularly in those with persistent regurgitation despite PPI therapy, based on evaluation 6 months after the procedure. no: NCT01136980.


Esophagus; EsophyX; Stomach; TIF

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center