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Oncology. 1989;46(4):212-6.

Combination chemotherapy with methotrexate, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide and CCNU (MACC) for nonsmall cell lung cancer. 4-year experience with 92 patients.

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Medical Department, Antonio Carle Hospital of Chest Diseases, Cuneo, Italy.


Ninety-two nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients were treated with a combination chemotherapy containing methotrexate, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide and CCNU (MACC). The regimen was administered in the dose and schedule originally reported. Median survival for all patients was 32 weeks. Only 6 patients demonstrated an objective response with a median survival rate of 51 weeks. The remaining 70 evaluable patients were nonresponders. These latter patients had a survival probability reduced to 29 weeks. Median time to progression for the whole group was 17 weeks. Partial responses were seen in 3 squamous, 1 large cell carcinoma and 1 adenocarcinoma. One patient with bronchiolo-alveolar carcinoma had complete disease regression and is still alive 136 weeks after starting treatment. Toxicity was significant with 2 treatment-related deaths. The major toxic effects consisted of myelosuppression, nausea, vomiting, and stomatitis. Alopecia was nearly universal; a mild cardiac, renal, or hepatic toxicity was relatively infrequent. Polychemotherapy with MACC regimen may benefit a few selected patients with NSCLC, but its overall antitumor efficacy appears to be very limited.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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