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Neuron. 2014 Nov 19;84(4):716-722. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2014.08.061. Epub 2014 Oct 30.

Spinal cord stimulation alleviates motor deficits in a primate model of Parkinson disease.

Author information

1
Edmond and Lily Safra Institute of Neuroscience of Natal, 590660 Natal, Brazil.
2
Psychobiology, Federal Univ. of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.
3
Integrative Neurophysiology and Neurotechnology, Neuronano Research Center, Department of Experimental Medical Sciences, Lund University, BMC F10, S-221 84 Lund, Sweden.
4
State Univ. of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.
5
Biomedical Engineering, Duke Univ., Durham, NC 27708, U.S.A.
6
Ctr. for Neuroengineering, Duke Univ., Durham, NC 27708, U.S.A.
7
Dept. of Neurobiology, Duke Univ., Durham, NC 27708, U.S.A.
8
Dept. of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke Univ., Durham, NC 27708, U.S.A.
#
Contributed equally

Abstract

Although deep brain electrical stimulation can alleviate the motor symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD), just a small fraction of patients with PD can take advantage of this procedure due to its invasive nature. A significantly less invasive method--epidural spinal cord stimulation (SCS)--has been suggested as an alternative approach for symptomatic treatment of PD. However, the mechanisms underlying motor improvements through SCS are unknown. Here, we show that SCS reproducibly alleviates motor deficits in a primate model of PD. Simultaneous neuronal recordings from multiple structures of the cortico-basal ganglia-thalamic loop in parkinsonian monkeys revealed abnormal highly synchronized neuronal activity within each of these structures and excessive functional coupling among them. SCS disrupted this pathological circuit behavior in a manner that mimics the effects caused by pharmacological dopamine replacement therapy or deep brain stimulation. These results suggest that SCS should be considered as an additional treatment option for patients with PD.

PMID:
25447740
PMCID:
PMC4428767
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuron.2014.08.061
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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