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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Apr;212(4):536.e1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2014.11.007. Epub 2014 Nov 8.

Modified obstetric early warning scoring systems (MOEWS): validating the diagnostic performance for severe sepsis in women with chorioamnionitis.

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School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL.
MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH.
Research into Safety and Quality (RISQ), Southmead Hospital, Bristol, United Kingdom.
Research into Safety and Quality (RISQ), Southmead Hospital, United Kingdom.
School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.
School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.



We sought to compare the predictive power of published modified obstetric early warning scoring systems (MOEWS) for the development of severe sepsis in women with chorioamnionitis.


This was a retrospective cohort study using prospectively collected clinical observations at a single tertiary unit (Chicago, IL). Hospital databases and patient records were searched to identify and verify cases with clinically diagnosed chorioamnionitis during the study period (June 2006 through November 2007). Vital sign data (heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, temperature, mental state) for these cases were extracted from an electronic database and the single worst composite recording was identified for analysis. Global literature databases were searched (2014) to identify examples of MOEWS. Scores for each identified MOEWS were derived from each set of vital sign recordings during the presentation with chorioamnionitis. The performance of these MOEWS (the primary outcome) was then analyzed and compared using their sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and receiver-operating characteristic curve for severe sepsis.


Six MOEWS were identified. There was wide variation in design and pathophysiological thresholds used for clinical alerts. In all, 913 women with chorioamnionitis were identified from the clinical database. In all, 364 cases with complete data for all physiological indicators were included in analysis. Five women developed severe sepsis, including 1 woman who died. The sensitivities of the MOEWS in predicting the severe deterioration ranged from 40-100% and the specificities varied even more ranging from 4-97%. The positive predictive values were low for all MOEWS ranging from <2-15%. The MOEWS with simpler designs tended to be more sensitive, whereas the more complex MOEWS were more specific, but failed to identify some of the women who developed severe sepsis.


Currently used MOEWS vary widely in terms of alert thresholds, format, and accuracy. Most MOEWS have not been validated. The MOEWS generally performed poorly in predicting severe sepsis in obstetric patients; in general severe sepsis was overdetected. Simple MOEWS with high sensitivity followed with more specific secondary testing is likely to be the best way forward. Further research is required to develop early warning systems for use in this setting.


chorioamnionitis; early warning systems; patient safety; sepsis

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