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Food Chem Toxicol. 2015 Jan;75:146-50. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2014.11.005. Epub 2014 Nov 15.

A subchronic oral toxicity study on pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) disodium salt in rats.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Food Safety Risk Assessment of Ministry of Health, China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100021, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Food Safety Risk Assessment of Ministry of Health, China National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, Beijing 100021, China. Electronic address: jiaxudong@cfsa.net.cn.

Abstract

A subchronic oral toxicity study on pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) disodium salt was performed in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups (10 rats/sex/group) and administered with PQQ disodium salt at doses of 0 (control), 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg bw/day by gavage for 13 weeks. Daily clinical observations and weekly measurement of body weights and food consumption were conducted. Blood samples were obtained on day 46 and day 91 for measurement of hematology and serum biochemical parameters. Animals were euthanized for necropsy, selected organs were weighted and recorded. Histological examination was performed on all tissues from animals in the control and PQQ disodium salt treatment groups. No mortality or toxicologically significant changes in clinical signs, body weight, food consumption, necropsy findings or organ weights was observed. Differences between treated and control groups in some hematological and serum biochemical examinations and histopathological examination were not considered treatment-related. The no-observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) of PQQ disodium salt in rats was considered to be 400 mg/kg bw/day for both sexes, the highest dose tested.

KEYWORDS:

NOAEL; Pyrroloquinoline quinone disodium salt; Rats; Subchronic toxicity

PMID:
25445509
DOI:
10.1016/j.fct.2014.11.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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