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FEBS Lett. 1989 Jun 5;249(2):143-6.

The inotropic effect of endothelin-1 on rat atria involves hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol.

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Centre de Biochimie, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Nice, France.


Endothelin-1 induces a positive inotropic response in isolated left atria of the rat with an IC50 value of 20 nM. The contractile effect of endothelin is larger than that of other inotropic hormones such as phenylephrine and epinephrine and smaller than that of Bay K8644. In the spontaneously active right atria, endothelin induces a positive inotropic effect with no chronotropic effect. Endothelin does not modify intracellular levels of cAMP under basal conditions or after stimulation with isoproterenol but stimulates the formation of inositol phosphates. Mobilization of inositol phospholipids is observed in the same range of concentrations as for the contractile action of endothelin. The contractile action of endothelin is not mediated by protein kinase C. It is antagonized by blockers of L-type Ca2+ channels, low external Ca2+ concentrations and drugs such as caffeine and ryanodine that interfere with Ca2+ release by the sarcoplasmic reticulum.

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