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Elife. 2014 Dec 2;3. doi: 10.7554/eLife.03422.

Sharpin prevents skin inflammation by inhibiting TNFR1-induced keratinocyte apoptosis.

Author information

1
Institute for Genetics, Center for Molecular Medicine, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
2
Institute of Molecular Biotechnology, Vienna, Austria.
3
Institute of Biochemistry II, Goethe University Medical School, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Abstract

Linear Ubiquitin chain Assembly Complex (LUBAC) is an E3 ligase complex that generates linear ubiquitin chains and is important for tumour necrosis factor (TNF) signaling activation. Mice lacking Sharpin, a critical subunit of LUBAC, spontaneously develop inflammatory lesions in the skin and other organs. Here we show that TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1)-associated death domain (TRADD)-dependent TNFR1 signaling in epidermal keratinocytes drives skin inflammation in Sharpin-deficient mice. Epidermis-restricted ablation of Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD) combined with receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3) deficiency fully prevented skin inflammation, while single RIPK3 deficiency only delayed and partly ameliorated lesion development in Sharpin-deficient mice, showing that inflammation is primarily driven by TRADD- and FADD-dependent keratinocyte apoptosis while necroptosis plays a minor role. At the cellular level, Sharpin deficiency sensitized primary murine keratinocytes, human keratinocytes, and mouse embryonic fibroblasts to TNF-induced apoptosis. Depletion of FADD or TRADD in Sharpin-deficient HaCaT cells suppressed TNF-induced apoptosis, indicating the importance of FADD and TRADD in Sharpin-dependent anti-apoptosis signaling in keratinocytes.

KEYWORDS:

LUBAC; Sharpin; TNFR1; apoptosis; cell biology; immunology; mouse; skin inflammation; ubiquitin

PMID:
25443631
PMCID:
PMC4225491
DOI:
10.7554/eLife.03422
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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