Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2014 Dec;23(12):1843-1851. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2014.08.010.

Extracorporeal shockwave therapy improves short-term functional outcomes of shoulder adhesive capsulitis.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Orthopedics, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan.
2
Department of Orthopedics, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City, Taiwan.
3
Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.
4
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsin-Chu City, Taiwan. Electronic address: drjssun@gmail.com.
5
Department of Biomedical Engineering, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: ckcheng@ym.edu.tw.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The treatment of adhesive capsulitis is a dilemma for orthopaedic rehabilitation specialists. In this study, we assessed whether extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) improves the functional outcome of primary shoulder adhesive capsulitis.

METHODS:

In this prospective, randomized, controlled, single-blind clinical trial, we enrolled 40 patients with primary adhesive capsulitis to assess whether ESWT can improve the functional outcome of primary adhesive capsulitis better than oral steroid therapy. Patients were allocated to the oral steroid group or ESWT group with randomization. Functional outcome evaluations were performed using the Constant Shoulder Score (CSS) and Oxford Shoulder Score.

RESULTS:

Both groups showed significant improvement in the Oxford Shoulder Score evaluation throughout the study period. In the ESWT group, the total CSS and range of motion (ROM) parameter of the CSS in the ESWT group showed significant improvement from the fourth week that was better than that in the steroid group; the activities–of–daily living (ADL) parameter of the CSS achieved significance and was better than that in the steroid group at the sixth week. For the steroid group, pain was significantly reduced from baseline to the fourth week of the study; ADL and ROM improved at the fourth to 12th week. For the ESWT group, ADL and ROM improvements were significant from baseline to the sixth week.

CONCLUSION:

Our results showed that ESWT can be an alternative treatment, at least in the short-term, for primary adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder. In addition, all of the side effects of ESWT were transient and tolerable.

PMID:
25441567
DOI:
10.1016/j.jse.2014.08.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center