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Patient Educ Couns. 2015 Feb;98(2):213-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2014.08.022. Epub 2014 Oct 22.

An evaluation of a self-management program for patients with long-term conditions.

Author information

1
Applied Research Centre in Health and Lifestyle Interventions, Coventry University, Coventry, UK. Electronic address: a.turner@coventry.ac.uk.
2
Applied Research Centre in Health and Lifestyle Interventions, Coventry University, Coventry, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate a group-based self-management program (SMP) delivered as part of a quality improvement program, Co-Creating Health, for patients living with one of four long-term conditions (LTCs): chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, depression, diabetes, and musculoskeletal pain.

METHODS:

The 7 week SMP was co-delivered by lay and health professional tutors. Patients completed self-reported outcome measures at pre-course and 6 months follow-up.

RESULTS:

486 patients completed (attended ≥5 sessions) the SMP and returned pre-course and 6 months follow up data. Patients reported significant improvements in patient activation (ES 0.65, p<0.001), with 53.9% of all patients reporting a meaningful ≥4 point improvement. Health-related quality of life (ES 0.06, p=0.04), and health status (ES 0.33, p<0.001) were also significantly improved. Patients' anxiety (ES 0.37, p<0.001) and depression (ES 0.31, p<0.001) significantly improved. Patients also reported significant improvements in their self-management skills (p values from p<0.001 to p=0.028).

CONCLUSION:

Attending the SMP led to improvements in a range of outcomes. Improvement in patient activation is important, as activated patients are more likely to perform self-care activities.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

Co-delivered SMPs provide meaningful improvements in activation for >50% of those who complete and are a useful addition to self-management support provision.

KEYWORDS:

Co-delivery; Long-term conditions; Patient activation; Self-management program

PMID:
25441096
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2014.08.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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