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Cardiol Clin. 2015 Feb;33(1):1-35. doi: 10.1016/j.ccl.2014.09.001.

Management of extracranial carotid artery disease.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, Los Angeles, 300 Stein Plaza, Suite 562, Los Angeles, CA 90095-69, USA.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, Los Angeles, 300 Stein Plaza, Suite 562, Los Angeles, CA 90095-69, USA; Department of Radiology, University of California, Los Angeles, 300 Stein Plaza, Suite 562, Los Angeles, CA 90095-69, USA. Electronic address: NGonzalez@mednet.ucla.edu.

Abstract

Stroke is the third leading cause of death in developed nations. Up to 88% of strokes are ischemic in nature. Extracranial carotid artery atherosclerotic disease is the third leading cause of ischemic stroke in the general population and the second most common nontraumatic cause among adults younger than 45 years. This article provides comprehensive, evidence-based recommendations for the management of extracranial atherosclerotic disease, including imaging for screening and diagnosis, medical management, and interventional management.

KEYWORDS:

Antiplatelet therapy; Atherosclerotic disease; Carotid angioplasty and stenting; Carotid disease; Carotid endarterectomy; Carotid stenosis; Stroke

PMID:
25439328
PMCID:
PMC4694631
DOI:
10.1016/j.ccl.2014.09.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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