Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Gac Sanit. 2015 Jan-Feb;29(1):27-36. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2014.08.004. Epub 2014 Oct 23.

[Socioeconomic inequalities and age and gender differences in cardiovascular risk factors].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Servicio de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales, Servicio Balear de Salud, Illes Balears, Palma, España.
  • 2Grupo de Investigación «Evidencia, estilos de vida y salud», Instituto Universitario de Investigación en Ciencias de la Salud, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma, España. Electronic address: miquel.bennasar@uib.es.
  • 3Grupo de Investigación «Evidencia, estilos de vida y salud», Instituto Universitario de Investigación en Ciencias de la Salud, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma, España.
  • 4Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Palma (IDISPA), Fundación de Investigación Sanitaria de les Illes Balears, Palma, España.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the cardiovascular risk factors in a working population in the Balearic Islands and to examine whether differences by social class vary according to age and gender.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study was carried out in a sample of active workers aged 20-65 years in the Balearic Islands. The participants were included in the study during their annual work health assessment in 2011. The following variables were collected: occupation, social class, age, gender, height, weight, smoking, blood pressure, lipid profile, and glucose levels. Cardiovascular risk was calculated using two different equations (Framingham and REGICOR).

RESULTS:

Differences by social class were observed for most cardiovascular risk factors. The pattern of these differences differed depending on age group and gender. Differences in obesity by social class increased with age in women but decreased in men. More differences in hypertension by social class were found among women than among men, with differences increasing with age in both genders. Significant differences by social class were found among women in lipid profile, and these differences increased with age, mainly for low levels of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol.

CONCLUSIONS:

Inequalities in cardiovascular risk factors by social class were higher among women than among men. Some cardiovascular risk factors such as smoking and obesity showed significant inequalities from a very early age.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiovascular diseases; Clase social; Desigualdades sociales; Diferencias por sexo; Enfermedades cardiovasculares; Inequalities; Sex differences; Social class

PMID:
25438743
DOI:
10.1016/j.gaceta.2014.08.004
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Ediciones Doyma, S.L.
    Loading ...
    Support Center