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J Gen Virol. 1989 Mar;70 ( Pt 3):749-54.

Loss of functional voltage-gated sodium channels in persistent mumps virus-infected PC12 cells.

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Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Minnesota-Duluth 55812-2487.


Rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells, persistently infected with mumps virus (MV), failed to generate full-sized stimulus-evoked action potentials (SEAPs) when examined by intracellular electrophysiological recording techniques. Application of tetrodotoxin (TTX) had little or no effect on MV-reduced SEAPs, indicating that the number of functional voltage-gated Na+ channels was decreased or their operation was blocked by the virus. In contrast, MV-infected cells generated normal Ca2+ spikes when bathed in a solution containing TTX, tetraethylammonium ions and a high concentration (20 mM) of Ca2+. In addition, when infected cells bathed in TTX were superfused with Co2+ the SEAP profile reverted to that typical of PC12 cells with functional voltagegated K+ channels only. These observations indicate that MV affects voltage-gated Na+ channels, but spares voltage-gated Ca2+ and K+ channels of persistently infected cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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