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Cell Rep. 2014 Nov 6;9(3):893-901. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2014.10.009. Epub 2014 Oct 30.

Medial entorhinal cortex lesions only partially disrupt hippocampal place cells and hippocampus-dependent place memory.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.
2
Neurobiology Section and Center for Neural Circuits and Behavior, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.
3
Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA; Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA; Department of Psychology and Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.
4
Neurobiology Section and Center for Neural Circuits and Behavior, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA; Kavli Institute for Brain and Mind, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. Electronic address: sleutgeb@ucsd.edu.
5
Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA; Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. Electronic address: reclark@ucsd.edu.

Abstract

The entorhinal cortex provides the primary cortical projections to the hippocampus, a brain structure critical for memory. However, it remains unclear how the precise firing patterns of medial entorhinal cortex (MEC) cells influence hippocampal physiology and hippocampus-dependent behavior. We found that complete bilateral lesions of the MEC resulted in a lower proportion of active hippocampal cells. The remaining active cells had place fields, but with decreased spatial precision and decreased long-term spatial stability. In addition, MEC rats were as impaired in the water maze as hippocampus rats, while rats with combined MEC and hippocampal lesions had an even greater deficit. However, MEC rats were not impaired on other hippocampus-dependent tasks, including those in which an object location or context was remembered. Thus, the MEC is not necessary for all types of spatial coding or for all types of hippocampus-dependent memory, but it is necessary for the normal acquisition of place memory.

PMID:
25437546
PMCID:
PMC4294707
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2014.10.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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