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ScientificWorldJournal. 2014;2014:925494. doi: 10.1155/2014/925494. Epub 2014 Nov 11.

Zinc oxide nanoparticles for revolutionizing agriculture: synthesis and applications.

Author information

1
Department of Botany, PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Rawalpindi 46000, Pakistan.

Abstract

Nanotechnology is the most innovative field of 21st century. Extensive research is going on for commercializing nanoproducts throughout the world. Due to their unique properties, nanoparticles have gained considerable importance compared to bulk counterparts. Among other metal nanoparticles, zinc oxide nanoparticles are very much important due to their utilization in gas sensors, biosensors, cosmetics, drug-delivery systems, and so forth. Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) also have remarkable optical, physical, and antimicrobial properties and therefore have great potential to enhance agriculture. As far as method of formation is concerned, ZnO NPs can be synthesized by several chemical methods such as precipitation method, vapor transport method, and hydrothermal process. The biogenic synthesis of ZnO NPs by using different plant extracts is also common nowadays. This green synthesis is quite safe and ecofriendly compared to chemical synthesis. This paper elaborates the synthesis, properties, and applications of zinc oxide nanoparticles.

PMID:
25436235
PMCID:
PMC4243478
DOI:
10.1155/2014/925494
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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