Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biotechnol. 2015 Jan 10;193:66-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2014.11.008. Epub 2014 Nov 27.

A 3D tension bioreactor platform to study the interplay between ECM stiffness and tumor phenotype.

Author information

1
Center for Bioengineering and Tissue Regeneration, Department of Surgery, UCSF, San Francisco, CA, USA; University of California San Francisco/University of California Berkeley Joint Graduate Group in Bioengineering, San Francisco, CA, USA.
2
Center for Bioengineering and Tissue Regeneration, Department of Surgery, UCSF, San Francisco, CA, USA.
3
Center for Bioengineering and Tissue Regeneration, Department of Surgery, UCSF, San Francisco, CA, USA; Department of Anatomy, and Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, UCSF, San Francisco, CA, USA; Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regeneration Medicine and Stem Cell Research, UCSF, San Francisco, CA, USA; UCSF Helen Diller Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCSF, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address: Valerie.Weaver@ucsfmedctr.org.

Abstract

Extracellular matrix (ECM) structure, composition, and stiffness have profound effects on tissue development and pathologies such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. Accordingly, a variety of synthetic hydrogel systems have been designed to study the impact of ECM composition, density, mechanics, and topography on cell and tissue phenotype. However, these synthetic systems fail to accurately recapitulate the biological properties and structure of the native tissue ECM. Natural three dimensional (3D) ECM hydrogels, such as collagen or hyaluronic acid, feature many of the chemical and physical properties of tissue, yet, these systems have limitations including the inability to independently control biophysical properties such as stiffness and pore size. Here, we present a 3D tension bioreactor system that permits precise mechanical tuning of collagen hydrogel stiffness, while maintaining consistent composition and pore size. We achieve this by mechanically loading collagen hydrogels covalently-conjugated to a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membrane to induce hydrogel stiffening. We validated the biological application of this system with oncogenically transformed mammary epithelial cell organoids embedded in a 3D collagen I hydrogel, either uniformly stiffened or calibrated to create a gradient of ECM stiffening, to visually demonstrate the impact of ECM stiffening on transformation and tumor cell invasion. As such, this bioreactor presents the first tunable 3D natural hydrogel system that is capable of independently assessing the role of ECM stiffness on tissue phenotype.

KEYWORDS:

3D collagen hydrogel; Bioreactor; Cell culture; ECM stiffness; Mechanotransduction

PMID:
25435379
PMCID:
PMC4454500
DOI:
10.1016/j.jbiotec.2014.11.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center