Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Mar Pollut Bull. 2015 Jan 15;90(1-2):129-34. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.11.009. Epub 2014 Nov 27.

Combination of Unmix and PMF receptor model to apportion the potential sources and contributions of PAHs in wetland soils from Jiaozhou Bay, China.

Author information

1
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China; Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science and Ecology, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China. Electronic address: yhlang@ouc.edu.cn.
2
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China.

Abstract

16 PAHs in Jiaozhou Bay wetland soils were analyzed by GC/MS. The potential sources and contributions were apportioned by Unmix and PMF models. The total concentrations of PAHs ranged from 176.1 to 563.3 ng/g with a mean of 345.3 ng/g. 2- and 3- rings PAHs were the dominant species accounting for 34.7-87.3% of the total PAHs. The similarities and differences of sources and contributions estimated by Unmix and PMF models were discussed. Three common sources (petrogenic source, coking oven and coal combustion) identified by two models, contributed 43.2%, 39.2% and 12.6% by Unmix and 33.5%, 29.1% and 16.0% by PMF to the total PAHs, respectively. In addition, diesel emission source (5.0%) by Unmix and a mixed source of diesel emission and natural gas burning (21.4%) by PMF were also extracted. It is essential to apply multiple source apportionment techniques to estimate potential source and contributions in further study.

KEYWORDS:

Combination source apportionment; Jiaozhou Bay wetland; PAHs; PMF model; Unmix model

PMID:
25434785
DOI:
10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.11.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center